School Papers

Aarav and can release 2.4 trillion gallons of

Aarav AroraCavendish04 Science22 January 2018Natural Hazard Rough Draft    Hurricanes are natural hazards that can cause major damage to places around the world. Hurricanes are very fatal and are sometimes referred to as the most dangerous natural hazards that occur. Hurricanes are known to cause a lot of damage and causes many of fatalities. The science behind, human impact, preparation, and major examples are all aspects that scientists study to learn more about hurricanes.There is a lot of science behind hurricanes. Hurricanes are tropical storms that usually start in bodies of water and then move onto land where they can cause lots of damage. Similarly, hurricanes can reach 160 mph at any given time and can release 2.4 trillion gallons of rain in a day. Also, to be categorized as a hurricane, these tropical storms need to have winds of at least 74 mph, which would be considered as a Category 1 hurricane. Furthermore, hurricanes start over warm ocean water and sometimes come onto land. When this happens, ocean water is pushed ashore. “Hurricanes begin as tropical disturbances in warm ocean waters with surface temperatures of at least 80 degrees Fahrenheit (26.5 degrees Celsius).” (National Geographic.) Additionally, a part of the hurricane that is called the eye is the weakest part because it has the least amount of wind and rain. In contrast, the area surrounding the eye, the eye wall, is the strongest part of the hurricane and has the strongest winds and most rain. Adding on, hurricanes form in low pressure systems, which are usually associated with violent storms. When a hurricane gets stronger, it spirals inwards. However, this spiraling cannot happen near the equator because of the way the earth rotates. The science behind a  hurricane is a major part of what scientists study and how it can impact humans.Hurricanes can affect humans in many ways and humans can affect hurricanes. For instance, hurricanes can affect people by destroying places such as homes and can completely wipe out cities. This causes a lot of devastation and loss. Also, hurricanes can leave people without shelter and food for a very long time. Furthermore, hurricanes cause extreme floods to occur and this can leave the city full of water. This water may be contaminated and can cause people to be infected with diseases. Adding on, humans are impacting the amount of hurricanes per year due to global warming. Likewise, this was proven because scientists found out that global warming increases sea surface temperature, which is a necessary condition for a hurricane to form. To add on, the water temperatures have been rising in the past century and are expected to rise even more in the upcoming years. Similarly, global warming increases the amount of water evaporated, which causes more rain, intensifying the conditions in a hurricane. Evidence to support this is, “The extra water vapor evaporated by oceans in a warmer climate can be expected to boost rainfall from hurricanes by as much as 8% for every 1°C (1.8°F) of warming.” (AtmosNews.) Humans are impacted by hurricanes and hurricanes are impacted by humans and there are many major examples of how this happens.Hurricanes happen all the time and large ones can cause extreme damage. An example, is a recent hurricane, Hurricane Harvey, occurred in 2017, causing many devastations to the people of Houston, Texas. Likewise, damage was estimated to be about $125 billion, which is the most in the history of any hurricanes. Additionally, Hurricane Katrina occurred in 2005, causing damage to most of Louisiana and