School Papers

According might unsettle heteronormative notions of the naturalness

According to Sinfield
(2000) when we have embraced transgender, as in flamboyant effeminacy and
purposeful butchness, our deployment of rather narrow stereotypes has sometimes
aspired to an aware and hence, radical reinflection, but not always. Sinfield
(2000) also argued the ascendancy of les/bi/gay identities, transgender has
often been incorporated as a subcategory of sexual identity, rather than
recognized as a kind of gender identity. To be sure, it is frequently noted
that transgendered people are no necessarily homosexual. Transgender is
becoming the subcategory, only obscurely perceived in itself, returning to
disturb the clarity with which sexuality is purportedly described.

Queer theory, inspired by
Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble (1990), embraced the idea that transgender might
unsettle heteronormative notions of the naturalness of gender, but then got
bogged down in whether it actually works like that. Transgender has been the
prior concept, and same-sex passion has been presumed to be a subcategory of
it. One contemporary account describes them as so far degenerated from all
masculine deportment, or manly exercises, that they rather fancy themselves
women, imitating all the little vanities that custom has reconciled to the
female sex, affecting to speak, walk, tattle, cur(t)sy, cry, scold and mimic
all manner of effeminacy (Ward 1977).

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Due
to that it can be arguable
to define the meaning of transgender, by American Psychological Association
(2013) transgender is an umbrella term for
persons whose gender identity, gender expression, or behaviour
does not conform to that typically associated with the sex to which they were
assigned at birth. Trans” is sometimes used as shorthand for “transgender.”
While transgender is generally a good term to use, not everyone whose
appearance or behaviour is gender nonconforming will identify as a transgender
person. As individuals’ awareness, knowledge, and openness about transgender
person and their experiences grow over time, there will be always a pattern of
constantly changing in ways in which transgender people are talked about in
popular culture, academia, and science.

Like many other minority groups, transgendered
people are often unable to engage in everyday activities, such as renting an
apartment or buying groceries, without confronting bias and discrimination or
being targeted by violence or threats of violence. In contrast to most other
minorities, however, Transgender people rarely have recourse to any legal protection
against discrimination in employment, public accommodations or other areas.
Social issues include access to social services such as homeless shelters, rape
crisis centres, medical clinics, access to education, abusive treatment by law
enforcement personnel and the most affected are public humiliation, derision,
ridicule, marginalization and exclusion (Green 2000).  For an example, when an employee discovers
that he or she is transsexual and transitions (changes sex) on the job,
employers often become very nervous and assume the worst, falling back upon a
whole host of negative stereotypes and assumptions. There is a great deal of
ignorance about the motivation and mental state of transsexual people. Many
transgender people are the targets of hate crimes. They are also the victims of
subtle discrimination—which includes everything from glances or glares of
disapproval or discomfort to invasive questions about their body parts. Hence
this bring back the focus of this study which is to analyses what kind of
discrimination that occur to the transgender and how does those discriminations
affected them in their life

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