School Papers

Being To add to the terrible infected living

Being healthy is the most important aspect of our lives, and today that is very obvious in society, we have doctors to go to if we are sick, everything is sanitized and is made sure to be safe, also science has come a long way to help us understand what we can do to stay healthy. Sadly, this was not the case before the Industrial Revolution. During the Industrial Revolution the economy was booming, and the population grew immensely with new people looking for opportunities in the city. And the newly populated, dirty cities were the perfect hotspot for disease. The Housing during this time was generally bad especially for the lower class, and the newcomers. They most often lived in tenements which were damp back to back houses with bad ventilation, and no sewer. The tenements spread disease easily due to the poor living conditions they provided. To add to the terrible infected living spaces, these people also worked in the dangerous factories which caused even more problems with their physical and mental health. Also the air and water were polluted from the factories. The more people came into the city the worse it got. Despite all the new technology, and booming economy, the death rate rose greatly. The first small break through for the field of medicine was when, Edward Jenner created the smallpox vaccine it saved many lives and it was a good start. The celebrations of the vaccines did not last long though, the population grew twice as big and along with it came new more deadly diseases. Some of the most common diseases at this time were typhus, and choria. Also many people had bone deformities and lung diseases from the factories. But before 1835 town authorities were too weak to meet the needs of these sick people. They spent money on new civic buildings and other things they thought were more important. Also scientific ignorance played a big a role, because people just simply didn’t know what caused the diseases. The Government also afflicted to helping the sick using the laissez- faire system as an excuse, not to get too involved in the men’s life. But, by now even the rich, and upper classes were coming down with disease such as cholera, this was when the government started to figure out they needed to do something about all these dying people. It was a slow long process to finally get the idea of medicine and better public health, but about 20 years later some scientists started to break through like, Louis Pasteur who discovered that germs were what caused bacteria following, that many new vaccines came about. Some of the new vaccines could prevent scurvy, and diphtheria. After this was when health care really started to become important. Local councils started to improve the little things like sewers and the water supplies which helped the health of many people. Then The first Public Health Act was produced in 1848 after a Royal Commission made a set of recommendations. But this was considered a failure because the death rate remained the same but it did set a example for government. They became more positive and willing to help, and saw the flaws in the first act. First they started fixing the little things after discovering that cholera could be spread by a water pump. And politicians now had to make promises to the people, concerning public health to gain votes. Following that local authorities started to take responsibility and power over public health issues. Such as forcing the 1866 Sanitary Act, which ordered people from each city to check and clean the water supply, and other problem solving factors that caused diseases. Then another act came about in 1869, and it was called the Local governments Board Act. This act for the most part was the government taking local problems into their own hands to helped out with healthcare and poor outdated laws. The government suggested strong local powers during this time to help deal with public health and sanitation. Then to step it up even more the government passed the, 1872 Public Health Act which separated the country into several areas each having there own sanitation system and medical officer. This helped to efficiently clean and, meet the medical needs needs each of the areas, instead of one big area. More acts followed that aimed at improvement, such as the acts of 1895 which were passed Disraeli, who served twice as britain’s prime minister and aimed mainly at social improvement. The first act of 1895 was yet another Public Health act, which gave some slack to local authorities by giving them more power to enforce decisions they could make according to the area. Such as cleaning or checking sewage and garbage disposal, the drinking water and even lighting. The other Act in 1895 was the Artisan’s Dwellings Act, and it dealt with eating healthy food and dieting. Due to these two big acts of 1895, and new scientific discoveries, the death rate began to fall and people finally understood how easy and important it was to keep healthy. Some the the scientific discoveries found during this time were life changing, and greatly improved our understanding of sickness and diseases. Robert Koch discovered the germ that caused many of the fatal diseases at the time, it was named Bacillus anthracis this germ causes pneumonia, blood poisoning and many other complications that caused death. Following that many new vaccines were being discovered, and were becoming more popular. Public health has come a long way since this time in history and it is important we learn about how life was back then so we can be grateful now for doctors, new discoveries, clean cities, treated water, vaccines and so much more. The industrial revolution brought many bad disease and sickness which were very devastating, but in the long run it helped more people than it hurt.