rulers made attempt in the later part of the nineteenth century and early
twentieth century to improve agriculture and develop local institutions in
other parts of India. It motivated Indian states to devote attention towards
While some political and constitutional development had been felt in most of
the Princely States of Rajasthan under the gentle prodding of British bureaucrats,
the development of Panchayats was low till 1928 when Bikaner State took the
lead by passing an act to provide for the establishment of Panchayats.2
The Jaipur Village Panchayat Act was passed in 1937.3 In
1939 Karauli also passed a Village Panchayats Act. Gram Panchayat Acts were
passed in Mewar4
and Marwar in 1940 and 1945 respectively5.
Bharatpur introduced similar act in 1944 and Sirohi in 1947. In 1948 all the
remaining states were preparing for the implementation of Panchayat legislation
but these efforts came to an end with the formation of the United States of
All these Acts provided that the Panchayats were to be constituted by
nomination and had been entrusted with very limited functions, mostly confined
to sanitation and settlement of minor disputes.
1 Singh, Laxman (1970), “Political
and Constitutional Developments in the Princely States of Rajasthan
(1920-1947)”, unpublished M.Phil. Thesis, pp. 115.
Gupta, B.P. (1959), “Growth of Administration in Bikaner State”,
unpublished M.Phil Thesis,
Univ The Jaipur Village Panchayat
Act, The Jaipur Gazetteer Extraordinary, Vol.xiii, 20th Jan., 1945,pp.1ersity
of Rajasthan, p. 129-30
3 The Jaipur Village Panchayat
Act, The Jaipur Gazetteer Extraordinary, Vol.xiii, 20th Jan., 1945,pp.1
Malaviya, H.D. (1956), “Economic and political Research Department”, All
Committee, New Delhi, vol. I,
Mathur, Prakash Lal (1968), “The Village Panchayats in the Former State of
Journal of the Local
self-Government Institute, vol.39, no.2 and 3, p.89-200.
6 Op.cit. pp. 524 -25.