School Papers

Kwame Hail, United States of Africa. Some African

 

Kwame Nkrumah once said, ‘Africa
must unite or perish!’ Without open African unity, the continent of Africa
will remain at the clemency of imperialist control and
manipulation, which has been the case. This is in line with a saying in
African that, “If you want to go quickly, go alone. If
you want to go far, go together.

Marcus Garvey’s vision for a
united Africa was evident in his 1924 poem Hail, United States of Africa. Some African leaders
who believe in this unity have spearheaded this concept of
a United Africa. The African Union Chairman in 2009 in
the person of Muammar al-Gaddafi,
the former Libyan leader in two regional African summits in 2007 and
2009 pushed for the creation of a United African State; stressing
that only, a true pan-African state would advance African’s stability and
wealth. 

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The former Zimbabwean president, Robert Mugabe in Harare argued that a figurehead was needed
to move Africa beyond regional coalitions and into the global super
league. This was the same idea that engineered the formation of the
Organization of African Unity (OAU) by its
founders. Kwame Nkrumah,
Malcolm X, Thomas Sankara, Cheikh
Antah Diop, Nelson Mandela
and the likes) vision of an Africa was to see a continent that
is politically, economically and culturally united. 

Even though the vision of the African Union is to
see Africa as an “An integrated, prosperous
and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic
force in the global arena. This has not been the case, and It will be
difficult in my view for Africa to unite as a State per the below. 
Imperialistic Borders: There is a continuous inhabitation of travel,
free movement of people and trade within the continent of Africa. This is
due to the borders drawn by colonial rulers, which has witnessed many disputes
among countries on the continent. A case in reference here is the
recent Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire maritime
dispute, which was overseen by the International Tribunal on the Law of the
Sea (ITLOS), which Ghana won. Uniting
about 55 countries in a continent with thousands of languages and diverse
ethnicities will be hard to attain. There is still agonizing
over authority in Africa that makes it not possible to unit. There is
an argument that there must be an economic equality before thinking
of a unity. For example, politics in most part of Africa are about ethnic
arithmetic and not about the populace. Before this imperialistic
boarders, African culture was systematized along
tribes and kingdoms, which traded liberally among themselves, other than
the disparaging boundaries been face today.
Weak Architecture to Unite Africa: The architecture for installing the
necessities such as one currency, presidential set, official
language(s), etc., for a united Africa is not
ready. Even the machinery for producing the African Union passport is an
issue in most countries. There are organizations and unions that must be
given the authority, and the creation of positions with specific roles for the
continent, which most countries are not ready to accept. For example,
human rights issues are still pertaining in Africa
with different views. Populated Christian communities will not
accept sharia law; likewise, the Muslim populated communities will
not accept certain laws, which will be ok for
Christians. 
Power Drunk Ideologies: There are African
leaders who have repudiated to give up power and
those who were forced out of power by
the populace. The likes of Robert Mugabe, Teodoro Obiang Nguema, Joseph Kabila,
Pierre Nkurunziza, Blaise Compaore, Abdoulaye Wade
and more, all these presidents wants their term of power extended
because of corruption and embezzlement which has become a way of life for
African leaders. There are even those who have
tried to put their children in their place. However,
several countries in recent years have seen popular uprisings, which
has forced some long-time leaders to step down. This has
engineered the change in African leadership roles. 
Unequal Distribution of natural Resources: Natural resources in Africa are not equally
distributed. Some regions are more gifted. For example, there is
more water in some regions and access to a larger part of the ocean
and seas. There are minerals and forestlands in other parts. While others have wildlife,
fossil fuels, mineral rocks, and many other resources.

The control of such resources and their access has
reinforced processes of socioeconomic tiers, which is based on factors such as
education, power, wealth and income, which has caused class creation on the
continent of Africa. In fact, Colonialism, itself was built on the control
of the natural resources on the continent of Africa. This
created new forms of disparities and even worsened it. These
disparities have caused some countries to see themselves as rich and others as
poor. This distinction has, to some extent contributed to the un-united
nature of Africa as a State rather than a continent with many countries. 
Ties with Colonial Masters: Most countries still have strong
ties with their colonial rulers who have a major influence on their political
and economic affairs. Some Colonial masters are still supporting
most countries in Africa with budgets on their health,
education and infrastructure developments, making it difficult to agree on
common terms with other countries for the unity of
the continent. 

I
believe Africa’s unity will benefit all African
and the issues of 21st century slave trade in Libya and the Xenophobia
in South Africa will not be witnessed again, but until leaders on the continent
come together for proper bargaining on Africa’s wealth, natural resources, its
right, privileges and ownership of the continent to the
Africans. This unity will just be like any other hope that will
never be materialized. 

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