School Papers

Literature output can upgrade the physical extents of



Literature Review

Over the years, In dissimilar
backgrounds Work has been done to recognized the association amongst working
environment and job satisfaction. Passing by the passage way of time, the
significance of study is ahead more and more because of its nature and
influence on the social order. Danish study finding proposed that Controlling upturn
optimistically for output can upgrade the physical extents of work environment (Buhai, Cottini, & Nielseny, 2008).

et al. (1959) Motivational
model says that profession related causes had two classes. As per him class of
Hygiene can convert dissatisfaction into no dissatisfaction or inspiration for
short term. Moreover the extensive outcome of motivational factors have
advanced encouraging feelings professionally and zero adaptiveness
dissatisfaction into satisfaction. Displeased chances get increased in the lack
hygiene factors.

and Amoako (2011)
According to them, Two Factor Theory of the Herzberg,There is a link between hygiene factors and motivational
factors, From no job dissatisfaction to job satisfaction is done through Hygiene
factors, while to job satisfaction from no job dissatisfaction is done by
motivational factors.

and Cleal (2011)
they had given the model by mixing variables of economics and environmental
considering lethal and non-lethal (great and less monetary assistance). There
research shows that work environment and psychosocial variables had
uninterrupted impact on job satisfaction and unhappiness of work-force in not
linked with rise in recompenses.

1999) the
gratification level of work-force can be achieved through the good and
operational supervision.

& Babic (2013)
According to them Job satisfaction is link much more than any other factor
related positively to working environment. To dis-pleased the workers under
problematic conditions of work, there is a liability which stands towards the
management for progress in working conditions. The enactment level in overall
will increase and will be delighted through such efforts.

On the basis of above
literature, The tested conceptual model is presented through Fig 1.1 earlier (ending of chapter one
and before beginning of chapter two). Working environment is considered as
independent variable in this research project, while the job satisfaction is
dependent variable. The hours of working, safety of job, security of job,
employees relationship among self’s, work-force esteem needs and Influential
factor of upper management.

Chapter Three



Research Methodology


Population and Sample Size

 The core of research report surrounds
association in between working environment and job satisfaction. The Glass
based industry in Pakistan particularly the employees of Ghani Group had help
me gather it casually. The questionnaire was prepared and the respondents in
count were 100 who responded fairly. The questionnaire was self-administrated,
which was hand by hand been circulated and some of them e-mail.

& Eleanor, 1993) point
out that self-administered questionnaire Is most appropriated in scenario when
being circle out personally (hand by hand) and via emails. To get the point of
view from massive group of population on sample bases, employees from multiple
fields were chosen as a central aim.


Data Instrument & Data Analysis Technique

 The questionnaire consisting 33 items was modified
from (SSO, 2009), consists of questions regarding considerable demands,
guaranteed career, safeness & productive hours, conviction, liaison with
operational core and bosses and nature of work in discover to hollow of whole
working environment on employee job satisfaction. To assess the answers from
some pleased, completely pleased, dis-pleased and all pleased, A scale naming Likert scale having 5-point was used. (Buglear, 2005)  Many of the scholars believed that the
packages related to statistical are most reliable and suitable instruments for
examining systematically the set of data which is outsized. Which is the reason
for statistical exploration, the help was taken from the software naming “Statistical Package for Social Sciences”
(SPSS).  For containment of data
having sample size of n>5   an
analysis is executed naming Dynamic Analysis.Regression analysis is also used
because of the Hypothesis of the research project which is “Impact of working
environment on Job satisfaction” (Robson,
2008 cited in Saunder et al., 2009).


Chapter Four





4.1 General

After the use of
multiple statics table and the graphs, responses relative to significance of
work environment for employee job-satisfaction are demonstrated as to treasured
opinion. Consistency of data used in the questionnaire is showed through
Cronbach’s Alpha. Table interprets consistency 77.1% and 81.6% subsequently for
working environment and job satisfaction.


Table 4.1 : Descriptive

Table: Pictorial and authentic demography




Items in Number

Cronbach’s Alpha












Job Activity:

Manufacturing Concern



Working Environment



Job Satisfaction






Consistency of the
is upon 100 employees having percentage of 63.3% from the total of 100%. They
belong to the age group of 21-30. While the others which are left falls in
between the age group of 31-40 having percentage of 36.7 out of 100%. They all
were male in gender. So is the reason, the acceptance of alternative
hypothesized idea, which is Working environment impacts Job satisfaction.




Table 4.2: Matrix for Job
Satisfaction Variables


Job Satisfaction

Bosses & Considerable demands

Guaranteed career, safeness & productive hours

Liaison with operational core

Comfortness of natural oprative circumstances


Satisfactory level with present retainment of the building


The wholesomeness retainment with in the organization


Gratification with prevailing nailed employed leisure


Opportunites of improvement in competence level & skillful
activities compared to work


Availability & Access of necessary task performing equipment


Amusment with the grooming contingency with in Company


Group work with in the Company


Probability cooperation in distinction to co-workers when


Work related information being provided by supervisor when


Presumtions of performance are legitimate from immediate


The confidence level of immediate custodian with associate


Immediate custodian liability towards employees


Assessment in regard to confidence in departmental head


Level of responsility with in the company as a whole


Career groming culture with in the organization


Guidance relative to improvement of work


Working hours been spend by employees with in company


Is the expectations regarding work enviroment from the
organization are meet


Faith of employees amoung themselves


Immediate senior competency in clash settlement


Liberty of career growth in organization


Boss level of up to speed and management skills


Conversation amoungest members of team and boss


Gratification level with H.R.M and the conversations amoung




Due to the loading of
the single matrix factor total in count five enquiries were scrapped. On job
satisfaction total in count there were nine enquiries which were meaningfully
loaded on bosses and considerable demands. There are six enquiries which
relates to Bosses. Ominously the count of five enquiries are encumbered to
considerable demands and productive hours. Lastly, remaining of the five
relates to liaison with operational core.

After testimonial the
cronbach alpha shows the output of 0.82, while 0.77 was shown against job
satisfaction as to the collection of sample base data.


Table 4.3: Correlation matrix



Job Satisfaction

Bosses & Considerable demands

Guranted career, safeness & productive hours

Liasion with operational core

Job Satisfaction


Bosses & Considerable demands



Guranted career, safeness & productive hours




Liasion with operational core





P< 0.05* For accomplished the bond mechanisms of working environment and satisfaction of job Correlation analysis was accompanied. The results shows that Bosses had considerable constructive relation to job satisfaction because r1 = 0.283, where as p < 0.05, while if we see considerable demands and working hours association mutually noteworthy and up so that is r2 = 0.268 where as p < 0.05. To have a significant relationship with co-workers, the value is r3 = 0.137.   Table 4.4: Regression Analysis on working environment Variable Coefficient Normal deviation Beta Consistancy Seize .948* 0.042 Bosses & considerable demands .290* 0.08 0.24 Guranted career, safeness & productive hours .232* 0.073 0.217 Liasion with operational core 0.052 0.086 0.041 Note R2= 13.2 : F = 10.42  P < 0.05*   To have the impact of Bosses, considerable demands, productive hours, guranted career, safeness and liaison with operational core on job satisfaction, the regression analysis is used. Results shows that there is a statistical noteworthy impact of working environment on job satisfaction: R = 0.363, ?0=0.948, t=2.335, p < 0.05. After regression analysis we that there is a linear relationship amongst working environment and job satisfaction through the value of R 36.3%. It shows another thing of fraction variant in job satisfaction which is as R2 13.2%. Now after having the last two values we will castoff our null hypothesis F = 10.421 as p < 0.05 and t = 2.335. The regression equation is as follows:   Y = ?0 + ?1X1 + ?2X2 + ?3X3 + E   Where:   Y = Job satisfaction                    X1 = Bosses                  X2 = Considerable demands & productive hours  X3 = Liaison with operational core   E = Error Term   For instance X3 had immaterial outcome which is ?3 = 0.137 at p> 0.05 thus our equivalence
has compact to resulting:


Y = 0.948 + 0.240 X1
+ 0.217 X2 + 0.402


Job satisfaction =
0.924 0.240 (Bosses) + 0.217 (considerable needs & productive hours) +