School Papers

Storms ring of fire, the Philippines being located

Storms are a recurring problem in the Philippines faced by Filipinos every year. According to a study conducted by the Geneva-based United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), the Philippines is the fourth most disaster prone country in the world. It also revealed that Philippines is one of the top 10 countries with most number of people affected by such disaster at staggering 130 billion (Santos, 2016).  National Geographic had listed several possible reasons on why the Philippines continuously gets striked by typhoons for the geographic location to economic state. Some of the reasons are the warm waters, illegal logging, coastal homes, poverty, and the ring of fire, the Philippines being located on the Pacific’s earthquake and volcano ring of fire (Montenegro, 2015). Overall, there are evidences that shows wherein storms are one of the major problems that the Philippines is encountering. Though it may seem normal for other Filipinos to experience strong typhoons every year, this would still become a big problem for them whether they are affected or not. A large number of children in the Philippines get affected and exposed by stormy weather every time they go to school. Every year, the Philippines would have a major storm problem like typhoon’s Odette, Parma, and the latest typhoons which was name Paolo and Haiyan, and other major calamities that affected the country. According to a research by “Philippines: TyphoonFacts/Tums.com, on the average, there are eight or nine tropical storms that made landfall in the Philippines each year, with another ten entering Philippine waters. In 2013, only six storms have affected the country but the worse was in 1993 when 19 cyclones pummelled the Philippine coastline (Brown, 2013). And according to the Inquirer.Net, since Bicol is the most visited typhoon area, a representative from the Office of Civil Defence Bicol (OCD) is teaching the next generation of Bicolanos, especially the students wherein they have to be prepared should the disaster strike in the region. The young Bicolanos are being educated, equipped, ready and resilient for the children to know what needs to be done in terms of natural disaster even without disaster responders. In Tacloban, which was badly hit by the typhoon named Haiyan, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and cluster partners supported the “Back to Learning Campaign” of the Department of Education (DEPED) and the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) by providing affected students with school and recreational supplies, giving psychosocial support to children who have been traumatised and give special attention to students’ special needs like health promotion , sanitation, and good hygiene practices. These were done in order to ensure that all children in the affected areas were given the chance to return to school (Jaucian, 2017). These studies and reports reveals that children in the Philippines gets heavily affected by the recurring storms every year. These studies and reports has shown the impact of storms towards the young ones and how it affects them with their daily lives. Children around the country, especially in Public schools, would get sick and would not attend their school. Rainy diseases are everywhere whenever the wet season comes in. Based on bureau of the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), there would me 11-16 more tropical typhoons that would enter the Philippines and with El Niño continuously occurring in the Philippines, the stronger the typhoons would become. And especially when there are flooded streets because of the storms, there is a higher chance of catching the flea, dengue, and other man related illnesses. Other children get dizzy and would start having headache, especially when a cyclone or typhoon is approaching. Others experience ringing in the ears, upset stomach, nausea, cough, cold, and so on. In view of the research paper, the government has set up several programs to help the children affected by the typhoons like consultations with the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) to give aid to sick-striker children, the Civil Society Organisation, and the international agencies working in partnership to identify ways to respond to children’s needs to be able to get back to school, and helping parents, families of affected areas for their rehabilitation an recovery (Department of Health, 2015). A study from World Health Organization (WHO), evaluated that cataclysmic events have destroyed a large number of individuals and antagonistically influenced no less than a billion more in the previous two decades. Everybody will be affected by typhoons but yet the vulnerable groups are included in  those living in coastal  regions, highly dense urban areas, and the mountain regions. Most exposed to health the elderly, those with therapeutic conditions, and especially the kids who can easily get sick because of natural calamities (Gloor, 2014). Everyone cannot prevent natural calamities  especially the kids who can easily get sick by strong hurricanes and storms. However, people can get ready and be prepared  by protecting themselves from getting sick and preventing the kids to have life threatening diseases. Storms in the Philippines has always been the known natural disaster that could not be prevented from happening in the country. In a study conducted by the World Bank in 2008, the Philippines, was identified as a natural disaster hot-spot with approximately 50.3 percent of it’s total area and 81.3 percent of it’s population is vulnerable to natural disasters. Also, based on the 2012 World Bank report which was published by the United Nations University Institute of Environment and Human Security (UNUEHS), the Philippines is the third most disaster risk country world wide with a risk index of 27.98 percent. (Virtucio, Jr., et. al., 2008). And another study in the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) has recorded 207 significant damaging natural disasters in the Philippines from the year 2000 to year 2012. The tropical storms and floods where the principal disaster with 102 and 72 occurrences (Rincón, 2008). And because of these facts, it is very important that everyone from kids to adult be given proper education and knowledge on how to deal with these disasters and what to items to use to protect themselves from the storms and typhoons.During the earlier years, umbrellas and raincoats are used to prevent people especially kids from getting a disease or sickness. The weather is predictably unpredictable. People would never know when it is going to rain. So in order to reduce the chance of people especially the kids from getting sick, umbrellas and raincoats are being used. According to “Radyo Natin”, get rained on without getting sick. Usually the kids would sing the nursery rhyme “Rain rain go away, come again mother day”, when the kids want the rain to stop because it affects their daily routines. So every time one goes out, there is always a need to bring umbrellas and raincoats especially for the young ones. Because having these items can lessen the chances of having colds, flea, and fever. And with these reminders, even when it’s wet and cold outside, one can stay comfortable, healthy and free from harm (Ara, 2013). It is advisable to always have a raincoat on hand because it is a good protection from getting accidentally soaked in the rain. Without a raincoat, one is more likely to become a victim of the changeable weather. (Montecillo, 2017). Overall, the use of raincoats as arms against the storms will help prevent one from getting wet and eventually being sick. These rain gears are very essential especially in tropical countries like the Philippines wherein Filipinos may experience hot weather but suddenly downpour of rain afterwards. So it is better to get a hold of a raincoat every time one goes out of the house.There is a need to research about how kids and adults go to their schools and jobs without getting affected by the typhoons. The earth science for kids offers cyclone lessons, as well as Typhoon facts, hurricanes, and tornadoes in order to educate them on the different facts and causes of these phenomena so that they will understand and be prepared during these disasters. And during these phenomena, a lot of different countries, students’ path  to school might be filled with dangerous pathways. In Sweden, not all age groups use umbrellas, instead they use raincoats. And in Japan, all age groups can sometimes be seen walking with umbrellas on the way to work or to school. (Katja, 2010). M2Comms PR Agency Philippines has five simple tips to survive the rainy season commute. And one of the tips is to always bring your raincoats and rain gears. Because storms are worse for the unprepared. (“5 Simple Tips to survive rainy seasons”, 2016). In summary, it can be said that getting soaked in the rain is not a whole lot of fun. So in order to enjoy being out in the rain and still not get wet, a raincoat is a convenient item to use. Because storms are worse for the unprepared, it is good to at least have a raincoat that could protect a person, especially a kid, in stormy times.(Move 1B and 2)A considerable amount of literature has been published on a raincoat bag. A study conducted by Herald (2017), said that there are three basic types of raw materials in a children’s raincoat. These three basic types of raw materials are water repellent material, vinyl, and cotton. And according to a another study also by Herald (2017), said that the best raincoats in the market today are vinyl coats with lining. For a effective protection against the rain, Herald (2017), mentioned that the best kinds of raincoats are the  raincoats coated with vinyl and lined with fabric. Herald (2017) said that the kind of raincoat that is best for protective purposes is the type of raincoat that is made of a tightly woven fabric material that is usually nylon, polyester or rayon, wherein the coating of the raincoat is usually polyvinyl chloride or polyurethane that are being applied to the raincoat. Also, it has been suggested that in order to keep oneself warm and dry in stormy and rainy occasions, a person must invest in right proper rain protection and in proper materials (Chennai, 2006). According to a study by Vancover (1992), a person does not need to be concern anymore about his or her raincoat’s wrinkling situation due to it’s fabric and to vinyl, a raw material, which would not be needed in the fabrication of the raincoat. And another study suggested by Monahan (1997), that Hilary Ridley, a designer, said that fabric and colour are growing into a principal key factor in today’s rainwear styles and because of it’s fabric and colour, this can satisfy numerous people to purchase raincoats in the market. However, there are also numerous literatures that were found by the researchers that contradicts the raincoat bag and it’s importance. According to a study by Webster (2015), fluoridated chemicals should have a stricter control. Webster’s study is a statement call for a greater and higher scientific scrutiny and a resilient national and international authority alongside industry phase outs and consumer transparency. Webster (2015) mentioned that it would persuade people to keep away from using different products and materials containing PFA’s (Perfluorinated Alkylated Substances), which would include every raw material of raincoats. Another research that was conducted by the Target News Services (2013), stated that vinyl raincoats are chuck full of Hazardous chemicals. And these kinds of chemicals that can permanently disrupt the brain, is in about 70% of the rain gear that the researchers tested. This contained elevated levels of lead or cadmium which is bad for a person. Another research conducted by Vancover (1992), stated that vinyl garments are notoriously weak. The researcher stated that vinyl garments are extremely prone in wrinkling and that they worsen when dry-cleaned. Also, Vancover (1992), mentioned that vinyl garments can easily be ripped or be torned apart once the raw materials becomes a product like the raincoat. Although the research would have supportive and not supportive literatures, the researcher of this study believes that the study is feasible and can be tested based on the literatures that supports the study. One literature that can make the study possible and feasible is by Herald (2017) stating that there are basic types of raw materials that could be use in making a raincoat and these are water repellent materials, vinyls, and cotton. In support of Herald’s (2017) research, according to Petruso (1999), the researcher stated that raincoats are jackets made of fabric and vinyl that is specially treated to repel against water. It would make vinyl a special kind of raw material for raincoats. Although the research may contain numerous of non-supportive literatures, the researcher still believes the feasibility of the research. The researcher believe it’s feasibility based on the research by Harold (2017) stating that a raincoat with vinyl and lined with fabric would be the best for effective protection against the stormy and rainy weathers. Additional study that would support this research is by Torento (2009). According to Torento (2009), he said that cotton, polyester, and even silk fabrics are back polyurethane and some are wound with rubber which adds to the new raincoats.However, these studies were challenged by different researches showing that making the product, raincoat bag, would not be a feasible study. A study by  Vancover (1992), reported that vinyl garments are easy raw materials that could be ripped or be torned apart if the raw materials would finally become a product like the raincoat. But the study was reported on 1992 which was a long time ago and these approaches become increasingly unreliable when there are new raw materials that could be used in making the product. Despite the importance of the study which is the raincoat bag had been extensively studied, a few amount of research had been seen in the fabrication of final product of a raincoat bag and would it be able to help stop people from getting soaked in a rainy season. Moreover, there are limited literatures that could help this study in proving it’s feasibility. The study has tended to focus more on the raw materials of the raincoat and it’s feasibility in the production of the final product of study which is the raincoat bag. In spite of these early studies and researches about the raw materials of the raincoat that could be connected into a bag has remained unclear. The question remains, is the production raincoat bag feasible enough to help prevent people from getting soaked under a rainy weather? Hence, additional studies and a simulation is needed to prove it’s feasibility and to prove that the raincoat bag could majorly help people during the rainy seasons.The purpose of this paper is to research about the raw materials that could be used in the production of the raincoat. Also, the raincoat should be able to become attachable to any bag with the help of Velcro so that the raincoat bag can be suitable to any bag that would used by people during rainy seasons. This research focuses on a strategy in proving that the raw materials used in fabricating the Raincoat Bag product would be feasible. Thus, this research paper would present evidences and results that the raincoat bag would have a successful fabrication process  in the production of the product. To prove this study, the researchers would have a simulation that would help the product prove if it is effective or not.

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