The civil rights demonstration has transpired for many decades and was even referred to as the Second Reconstruction, because of its inadequacy of attempts in modifying the law to hold equal rights for all citizens in the United States of America no matter their race, gender, income, or social status. In relating to the constant oppression and discrimination that many African Americans still dealt with during the reconstruction period imposed fear and hopelessness for numerous people in the African American community from teachers to prominent African American figures in society. The South during the Civil War was nevertheless full of uncertainty and struggle for African American in regard to being bestowed full citizenship. Throughout this time, the fourteenth amendment (1868) awarding equal assurance of the laws and fifteenth amendment (1870) granting the freedom to vote to all African American males and many more non-African American citizens regardless of their nationality. As the troops came down from the North and controlled the South from 1865 to 1877 to reinforce the destruction of servitude of any African American. Nevertheless, with the outcome of the revised Reconstruction Act in 1877, southern Caucasians repeatedly secured the power of the South. This provided a way for the government to give an ok to modify the law that caused many African Americans to be discriminated against on the grounds of race and gender. These particular laws were referred to or termed Jim Crow laws or as known as the black codes throughout the United States. People divided whites people and black people in the areas of learning, housing, income, status, religion and even with the use of public and/or private facilities such as eateries, trains, buses, and public restrooms throughout the country. Many whites and white establishments often refused blacks the freedom to vote, to travel easily, and to engage in an intimate relationship white persons for many years.