The 2018 shutdown of the United States federal government began at midnight EST, or 10:00 MST, our time, on Saturday, January 20, 2018, and ended on the evening of Monday, January 22. The shutdown began after a failure to pass legislation to fund government operations and agencies, therefore, some businesses were shut down. This stemmed from disputes over the extension of status of persons affected by the Deferred Action For Childhood Arrivals (DACA) immigration policy, and therefore whether those covered under the program should face deportation. At this time, they also did not give out Visas to anyone. There was also a dispute over whether funding should be allocated towards building a wall between Mexico and America. The 2018 shutdown began when the Senate failed to overcome a Democratic filibuster, or an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures of a temporary continuing resolution (an appropriations bill), which requires a 3/5 supermajority, or a number that is much more than half of a total, especially in a vote. to end. The shutdown began on the first anniversary of Donald Trump taking office, coincidentally. The shutdown ended when Senate Democrats agreed to end the filibuster and invoke, or orcite or appeal to (someone or something) as an authority for an action or in support of an argument, cloture (in a legislative assembly) a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote, with the Republican promise that they would allow debate on the DREAM Act before the continuing resolution expires on February 8, 2018. Some liberals have criticized the Democrats decision to end the shutdown without a firm assurance and no guarantee on DACA. President Donald Trump hailed it as a “big win” and said that the Democrats caved in. On January 19, Trump tweeted that it is “not looking good for our great Military or Safety & Security on the very dangerous Southern Border. Dems want a Shutdown in order to help diminish the great success of the Tax Cuts, and what they are doing for our booming economy.” In a statement, the White House blamed the shutdown on Senate Democrats and said that it would not negotiate with the Democrats on immigration. The President’s planned trip to Mar-a-Lago in Florida was postponed hours prior to the shutdown. As the deadline for the 2018 funding approached, commentators pointed out Donald Trump’s previous statements regarding shutdowns. In May 2017, Trump said that “our country needs a ‘good shutdown” Back in 2013 during the Obama presidency, Trump, when asked who should be “fired” if there is a government shutdown And someone answered, “if you say who gets fired it always has to be the top (…) problems start from the top and they have to get solved from the top and the president’s the leader (…) when they talk about the government shutdown, they’re going to be talking about the president of the United States, who the president was at that time”, and that in a shutdown, “the pressure” was on the president. On January 21, Trump tweeted, “If stalemate continues, Republicans should go to 51% (Nuclear Option) and vote on real, long term budget, no C.R.’s! However, a representative for McConnell said the majority leader was opposed to using the nuclear option. Republican Senator Susan Collins said that a group of more than twenty moderates will present ideas for resolving the shutdown of the federal government to the Senate’s leadership. During the shutdown, Democratic and Republican officials offered up competing narratives over where to lay blame for the Senate’s inability to strike an agreement on government funding, creating the competing #TrumpShutdown and #SchumerShutdown hashtags. By the afternoon of January 20, #TrumpShutdown had been used some 2.6 million times on Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram; while the hashtag #SchumerShutdown was mentioned 1.3 million times during the same period. Other existing hashtags, such as #GOPShutdown and #DemShutdown, were mentioned 236,000 and 107,000 times respectively. The Alliance for Securing Democracy said the hashtag #SchumerShutdown was the top trending hashtag being promoted by Russian bots and trolls on Twitter on the night of January 21.